Car batteries go dead for a number of reasons, for example leaving lights on or it may be old and coming to the end of its life span. Jump starting a car is a fairly simple process and once performed usually means you can get your car quickly back on the road without permanent damage. Jump starting a car is therefore a term used for a temporary means of dealing with a flat or dead battery by utilising jump leads or a power pack. In order for the process to be successful instructions should be checked very carefully and any vehicle handbooks read and understood before attempting the procedure. In this article on how to jump start a car information has been given on the simple possible methods to start your vehicle the easy way.
In order to perform a jump start a number of items will be required such as a power pack, jump leads and a car that is working preferably one which is of equal to or similar in engine size. Personal protective equipment should also be considered. Portable power packs are very useful to have as opposed to jump leads as these allow you to perform the same task without the requirement for another car. It is important to remember that using jump leads is a quick fix to get a car back-up and running, however regular problems should be checked out by a professional and necessary parts replaced. Anyone who is not sure about what they are doing should not attempt to perform the process as there are risks and hazards involved.
Before performing a jump Start it is important to take a number of steps to ensure your own personal safety. Firstly you should check if the battery is damaged, corroded or leaking. If this is the case then it is important to call out a professional without making any attempts to perform a jump start. Professionals can also check the battery on your behalf. Metal objects should be kept away from the battery as there is potential it could cause a spark and results could be dangerous. Individuals should be aware of any loose clothing as there is potential that it may get caught in moving parts and cause injury or harm. Smoking or exposure to a naked flame should also be avoided. Efforts should be made to turn off headlights and any electrical parts and the key removed from the ignition.
How To Jump Start Your Car?
In order to jump-start a car using jump leads both cars should be placed in neutral gear and parked near to each other. They should be close enough to attach the jump leads but not touching each other. The bonnet should be opened and the jump leads should be able to reach both vehicles. The red positive lead on the first end should be connected to the positive terminal on the working battery. This should repeated with the other end of the lead on the flat battery.
The black negative lead should be connected to the negative terminal situated on the working battery with the other end attached to a metal point away from the dead battery such as a bolt or bracket which will act as an earthing point. Some vehicles have a designated jump start pole and if this is the case, this information should be noted in the handbook.
Leads should be kept away from any moving ending parts and the engine of the working car should then be started. After a few minutes attempts should also be made to start the car with the dead battery. If this fails to work, it should be left longer. The engine should however be switched off if the leads begin to get to hot.
Once you have your car running, leave the engine on for a couple of minutes to charge the battery.
Remove the jump leads in reverse to the way you attached them. Make sure they don’t touch together or any metal surfaces. You should then drive the car for a period of at least 30 minutes or at the very least leave the engine running or run the car above idle; for example, slightly rev up the engine for 5 minutes and then on or above idle for a further 20 minutes before turning it off. This should provide the battery with enough charge to start the car again. If the engine doesn’t start then the likelihood is that the fault or problem is something totally different. Many garages offer free vehicle check ups, fitting services and affordable batteries so, it is advisable to take advantage of this as a preventative measure or at least minimise the risk of something going wrong.
In addition to the process of jump starting a car, there are a number of key safety factors that need to be considered by individuals attempting to perform the process.
Individuals should know what they are doing, as checking for faults can pose a danger. If possible it would be more advisable to seek professional advice. Although the procedure itself can be fairly simple further damage or potential injury can be prevented by following a number of key safety rules.
Firstly metal objects should be kept out of the way and any watches, rings, jewellery or tools that are in the vicinity removed. Any metal that comes in to contact with a metal battery post could cause a spark or explode the battery which could result in a battery leak. No attempts should be made to start a battery that is damaged or leaking as it could explode.
Individuals should avoid naked flames and avoid smoking. Batteries can give off flammable gases which could result in a potential explosion. Hands should be kept clear of any moving parts as should any loose closing that could cause entrapment through being careless. Pulleys and belts can present a significant hazard if loose clothing could potentially get caught up. The jump leads themselves should be thoroughly checked for any damage or wear and tear. Damaged conductors or clips may cause overheating and if not managed correctly may present a potential fire hazard.